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Home Azerbaijan Technologies High-Efficient Reactor for Continuous Chlorination

High-Efficient Reactor for Continuous Chlorination

Description

It is developed a reactor of “boiling” layer with a through stream for carrying out of continuous mono-, di-, poly- and oxychlorination of hydrocarbons C1-C5, conversion of hydrogen chloride into chlorine with use of catalyst – fine-disperse mineral materials (perlite, absidian, etc) and also for preparation of nanoclusters carbons.

Innovative Aspect and Main Advantages

The process is one-stage. The proposed reactor allows:

  1. To provide continuous one-stage high-temperature chlorination of individual hydrocarbons C1-C5 or their industrial mixtures for preparation of saturated and unsaturated mono- and di-chlorohydrocarbons and chlorocarbons C1-C6 and also nanocluster carbons;
  2. To carry out continuous oxychlorination of individual hydrocarbons by chlorine mixture or hydrogen chloride and air with use of fine-disperse powders (pumice, perlite, absidian, etc) as catalyst;
  3. Use of exothermal heat isolated in the process of reaction for exhausting and oxychlorination of hydrocarbons;
  4. To carry out continuous addition of chlorine to double bond of hydrocarbons; reaction of chlorinolysis, cyclization, dehydrochlorination, dechlorination and recombination of chlorinated radicals with the aim of preparation of methyl chloride, dichloromethylene, chloroform, tetrachloroethylene, allyl and vinyl chloride, 1,2- and 1,4-dichlorobutenes, carbon tetrachloride, hexachlorobutadiene, hexachloropentadiene, hexachlorobenzene, etc, by easily divided way of rectification and also fullerenes.

Areas of Application

Allyl and vinyl chloride are used in preparation of self-extinction chlorinated polypropylene and epichlorohydrin. Hexachlorobutadiene – as herbicide for destruction of grape wreckers and as addition in preparation of incombustible polymer composition materials.

Fullerenes are used for giving hardness to polymer materials. 1,2- and 1,4-chlorobutadiene – as semiproduct in preparation of chloroprene rubber.

Hexachloropentadiene – as monomer for preparation of antipyrenes. The processes of preparation of allyl chloride and carbon tetrachloride as reagent for cleaning of clothes in household chemical goods. Other chlorocarbons have been prepared in experimental industrial installation with high yield.


Fig. 1 Scheme of apparatus of boiling layer.

Stage of Development

Inv. Certificates USSR are received: N 161713, 1964; 166328, 1964; 222377, 1968; 400564, 1973; 487018, 1975;

Carbon tetrachloride has been prepared on experimental industrial plant. Allyl chloride – on pilot plant. There is a technological regulation.

Contact Details

Institute of Polymer Materials
Contact persons: Prof. Dr. Salakhov Mustafa Sattar oglu
Address: 124, S.Vurgun St. AZ5004, Sumgait, Azerbaijan
Tel: (+994 12) 497 6038
Fax: (+994 18) 642 0400
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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