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Home Georgian Technologies Monitoring of the settlement of dump and recultivated soils

Monitoring of the settlement of dump and recultivated soils

Description

The objectives of the project were:

  1. To establish soil faunal complexes of soil invertebrate animals (nematoda, earthworms, Oribatid mites, carabid beetles) on Chiatura manganese quarries;
  2. To determine the biotic complexity of disturbed and control soils using invertebrates as indicators of soil faunal diversity
  3. To establish pioneer species communities on post-industrial dumps and control sites
  4. To establish the pool of species, capable of performing the role of colonists
  5. To study the influence of the reclamation measures on the invertebrate communities.
  6. To deliver the obtained information to the administration of Chiatura Manganese Quarry.

This project was unique in that it studies the recovery process of dump and reclaimed soils through invertebrate animals, rather than expensive equipment. It was the first attempt to evaluate the influence of soil destruction in industrial and postindustrial dumps on the Caucasus, and gained the support of Georgian industrial companies.

It was made:

  • 252 forms of nematodae, 6 species of earthworms, 96 species of oribatid mites and 12 species of Coleoptera registered
  • The main colonizers of new habitats were revealed
  • The differences between natural succession processes vs. artificial reclamation were studied. Natural succession processes was shown to support even more diverse fauna than reclamation.
  • Three scientific manuscripts and a book were published.
  • Project results were presented to the European Congress of Acarologists in Vienna.
  • Web-page describing the project-related activities and the invertebrate research group for further development was created: https://sites.google.com/site/rgetgeorgia/home


Field Research

Contact Details

Murvanidze Maka, Professor
Organization: Institute of Zoology of the Georgian Academy of Sciences
Address: 3/5 Kakutsa Cholokashvili ave., Tbilisi 0162, Georgia
(+995.32) 912473, Fax: (+995.32) 912473
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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