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Home     Moldova Institutes Institute of Applied Physics

Institute of Applied Physics

General Information

The Institute of Applied Physics (IAP) was established in 1964, when physical laboratories of the Institute of Physics and Mathematics joined the Institute of Electro-Physical Problems. The IAP is known worldwide for the research in theoretical and applied areas.

Institute’s Focus

The main scientific areas of the Institute are:

  • Fundamental and applied research in physics and physical chemistry of condensed matter: crystalline, noncrystalline and nanostructured materials, atoms and nuclei, electronics and quantum optics, design of high technologies and multifunctional electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices;
  • Fundamental and experimental research using electricity as a catalyst in heat and mass transfer, in cavitation, in electrofloatation and electroplasmolysis; modification of surfaces of materials by electrophysical and electrochemical methods; development of high technologies and up-to-date techniques.

Main results of the IAP are:

  • In compound HgCr2S4 a colossal magnetocapacitive effect and multiferroic behavior were discovered, manifested through a simultaneous magnetic and ferroelectric order.
  • The correlation was established between the electronic structure and the capacity of individual molecules and unidimensional systems, having metal ions with unquenched orbital moments, to function as single-molecule and single-chain magnets.
  • For the first time, a new theoretical interpretation was proposed and then tested on the system of CdSe0.6S0.4:Cr2+ to calculate optic bands in the infrared area of the AIIBIV doped crystals, in which impurity ions are in the mixed ligand environment.
  • Based on holografic registration, a complex method of deformation measurement using speckle interferometry and holography was developed to control, by indirect contact, object deformations and displacements.
  • To raise the productivity of production 1.8-2 times, the technology of galvanic covering to recondition used parts was modified and offered to the private sector. It also increased resistance to wear up to 1.5-2 times, savings of materials and energy being 25-30%.
  • Technological pilot Centre was set up for reconditioning agricultural machines parts. The Center uses advanced technology based on alligation of two electro-physico-chemical methods: sparkling and plasmochemical treatment, which is of low cost, materials-and-energy saving and simple to implement.

Valuable Technology Offerings

Examples of product and technology offerings by the IAP include various specialized equipment units, systems and devices for wide-range applications:

  • anisotropy of mechanical properties under indentation and its causes;
  • dislocation structure and stress state of the material around indentations;
  • dislocation mobility during microindentation (MI) and nanoindentation (NI);
  • influence of various external factors on mechanical properties of materials under MI and NI (intensive plastic deformation, load value, deformation temperature, doping and radiation);
  • temperature regimes of the indentation processes;
  • mechanisms of deformation under MI and NI;
  • rotation-translation plasticity during concentrated load action;
  • crystallographic support (service) of materials science in Moldova can be used by every scientific center in the republic and it includes X-ray study of polycrystalline (powder) and monocrystalline samples of new materials;
  • studies of the structure of crystalline compounds, with three subdivisions:
    • supramolecular systems such as co-crystals, host-guest complexes; analysis of weak interactions;
    • coordination compounds such as clusters, coordination polymers, exchange interactions, structure of products of template condensation;
    • structure of biological active compounds, pharmaceutical preparations, structure – property relationships.

Scientific Cooperation and Technology Transfer

The IAP has been participated in different international projects funded by INTAS, STCU, CRDF, MRDA, SCOPES, AERONET, EU Framework Program for Research and Technological Development and by other Foundations. The Institute maintains extensive international scientific contacts and collaborates with many scientific centers, such as:

  • USA (Brown University Providence RY, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Texas A&M University, University of California, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Rice University, University of Texas at Dallas, Clemson University, Duke University);
  • Russia (Physical Technical Institute, St.Petersburg; Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Moscow State University);
  • Spain (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid);
  • Ukraine (Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Scientific Research Company "Carat" of Ministry of Industry Policy of Ukraine (Lviv));
  • Belgium (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven);
  • France (Ecole Centrale Paris);
  • Switzerland (Villigen, Paul Schevrev Institute);
  • Belarus (State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics, Minsk).

Contact Details

Professor Leonid Culiuc, Director
Address: 5, Academiei St. Chisinau, MD-2028, Republic of Moldova
Tel.: (+373 22) 735 534; 723 252
Fax: (+373 22) 738 149
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Web: www.phys.asm.md

Chief Technology Commercialization Officer
Marianna Roman
Phone: + (373 22) 73 55 34
E-mail : This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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