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Home Moldova Technologies Indigenous Varieties of Leguminous Crops

Indigenous Varieties of Leguminous Crops

Description

Soya [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] varieties Zodiac and Alina have been developed through a hybridization method. The authors are A. Budac, V. Celac, L. Coreţch, and I. Chirtoacă.

The parental types for variety Zodiac are as follows: the maternal one is the variety Timpurie and the paternal one is Balti-82. The bean productivity is 14.98-26.3 q/ha. The protein content in beans is 35.4-36.8%, the oil content is 21.0-24.2%. The weight of 1,000 beans makes 127 g. The vegetation period is 108-115 days. The plant is 60-70 cm tall. It is characterized by a high setting level of the first seedpod (14.7cm) and an enhanced drought resistance.

The initial types for variety Alina are as follows: the maternal one is the variety Chişinău 16 and the paternal one is Amurskaia 41. The bean productivity is 14.5–26.3 q/ha. The protein content in beans is 35.9- 40.4%, the oil content is 19.8-21.18%. The weight of 1,000 beans ranges between 118 and 132 g. The vegetation period is 119-129 days. The plant is 60-65 cm tall. It is characterized by a high setting level of the first seedpod and an enhanced resistance to drought and cold during germination.

Innovative Aspect and Main Advantages

As compared with the standard variety Bălţi-82, the variety Zodiac exceeds it in productivity by 15.6% (2.8 q/ha). As compared with the standard variety Bucuria, the variety Alina exceeds it in productivity by 26% (4.1 q/ha).

Both varieties Zodiac and Alina are resistant to the following diseases: seedling root rot, downy mildew, bacteriosis, bacterial angular leaf and pod spot, virosis, and white mould.

Areas of Application

Agriculture.


(a)


(b)

Fig.1. Soya [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] varieties Zodiac and Alina.

Stage of Development

The varieties are registered in Moldova (Zodiac in 2004, Alina in 2002) and recommended for cultivation in the South and Center of the Republic of Moldova. Plant variety award decision ##128, 129 dated 11.11.2009.

Contact Details

Institute of Genetics and Plant Physiology
Contact person: Dr. A. Budac
Address: 22 Padurii St. Chisinau 2002, Republic of Moldova
Tel.: (+373 22) 555 268
Mob.: (+373 79) 824 239
Fax.: (+373 22) 556 168
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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