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Home Moldova Technologies Indigenous Varieties of Leguminous Crops

Indigenous Varieties of Leguminous Crops

Description

There have been developed and introduced in Moldova the chickpea varieties Ichel and Botna and lentil varieties Aurie and Verzuie.

The chickpea variety Ichel is an erect steam plant, of green colour, achieves the height of 80 cm, the Cabuli type. The seeds are round, with the yellow cotyledons, the mass of 1000 seeds is 209 g. The seed production achieves 1,47 t/ha. Pure ecological seed are designated for the food and refining industry.

The chickpea variety Botna is a semi-erect stem plant, green-violet, the Desi type. The angle-round seeds are wrinkled, brown, with yellow cotyledons, the mass of 1000 seeds is 228g. The seed production constitutes 1,71 t/ha. Pure ecological seed are designated for the food and refining industry as well as for animal fodder.

The plants are considered as a soil improvement tool. The lentil variety Aurie are middle height plants (40 cm) with 3 ramifications and 43 pods on each plant. The round seeds are yellow colored. The mass of 1000 seeds is 72,2g and contain 27,3% of protein and 1,9% of fats. The medium harvest is 1,44 t/ha. The vegetating period is of 119 days.

The lentil variety Verzuie are short height plants (30-35 cm) with 3-4 ramifications and 72 pods on each plant. The small brown-green mottled seeds are about of 0,5 cm in size. The mass of 1000 seeds is 31,5 g and contain 26,7% of protein and 1,5% of fats. The medium harvest is 2,29 t/ha. The vegetating period is of 98 days.

Innovative Aspect and Main Advantages

The varieties are resistant to drought and high temperatures, tolerant to many diseases and pests.

Areas of Application

Agriculture.


Fig. 1 General view of plantation of the chickpea variety Botna.


Fig. 2 Seeds of the chickpea variety Botna.


Fig. 3 Chickpea varieties Ikhel

Stage of Development

The varieties are registered in Moldova.

Contact Details

Institute of Genetics and Plant Physiology
Contact person: Prof. V. Celac
Address: 22 Padurii St. Chisinau 2002, Republic of Moldova
Tel.: (+ 373 22) 555 268
Mob.: (+ 373 79) 824 239
Fax.: (+373 22) 556 168
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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