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Home Moldova Technologies Indigenous Varieties of Cereal Crops Hordeiforme 335 and Auriu 273

Indigenous Varieties of Cereal Crops Hordeiforme 335 and Auriu 273

Description

The cereal varieties Hordeiforme 335 and Auriu 273 have been developed through hybridization of the varieties Iantari x Hordeiforme 333 followed by selection in F2.

The varieties belong to the Hordeiforme variation (red spike with red awns, the kernel is white-yellowish). The spikes are of a medium size (7.7-8.0 cm for Hordeiforme 335 and 6.5-7.0 cm for Auriu 273), cylindrical of a medium density (29-31 spikelets per 10 cm of the spike rachis length). The kernels are oval, large (the weight of 1,000 kernels is 48-51 g for Hordeiforme 335 and 45-48 g for Auriu 273). The variety Hordeiforme 335 contains 12.0%- 13.0% of protein and 24%-25% of gluten, and variety Auriu 273 contains 14.0%-15.0% of protein and 27%-30% of gluten.

The varieties belong to a medium ripening group. In field conditions they are characterized by high resistance to diseases such as mildew, brown and yellow rust, root rot, smut. They are resistant to drought and wintering.

Innovative Aspect and Main Advantages

The varieties are high-productive with a yield of 3.0-5.0 q/ha (Hordeiforme 335) and 4.6-5.0 q/ha (Auriu 273), which is higher than that of the witness variety Hordeiforme 333. The varieties are resistant to lodging and have high qualities for macaroni production. The macaroni produced from this flour are yellow and are not boiled soft.

Areas of Application

Agriculture.


(a)


(b)

Fig.1. Cereal varieties Hordeiforme 335 (a) and Auriu 273 (b).

Stage of Development

The varieties are registered in Moldova.

Contact Details

Institute of Genetics and Plant Physiology Contact person: Prof. Buiucli
Address: 22 Padurii St. Chisinau 2002, Republic of Moldova
Tel.: (+ 373 22) 660 364
Mob.: (+ 373 69) 724 201
Fax.: (+373 22) 556 168
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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