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Home     Ukrainian Institutes Institute of Surface Chemistry, NASU

Institute of Surface Chemistry, NASU

General Information

The Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine was founded in 1985. The Institute employs 250 research staff, including 10 Doctors of Science and 60 Ph.D.s.

Institute’s Focus

  • New technology based on Surface Chemistry and Physics;
  • Theory of chemical structure and reactivity of the surface of solids, the nature of active sites of surfaces, mechanisms of adsorption, chemical reactions, and other transformations in a surface layer;
  • Medico-biological problems of surface;
  • Technology for the production of nanomaterials, highly disperse oxides, and composites.

Nano-structured Silica.

Development of novel applications of nano-structured silica in medicine, biotechnology and environmental protection is a primary focus at the ISC. Fumed silica, when included in cell suspensions, demonstrates high affinity for the cell surface. Due to interaction with certain terminal carbohydrates of cell membrane receptors, high-surface-area silica nanoparticles localize at select sites of the cell membrane. As a result, nanoparticles can stimulate or inhibit functional processes in living cells, depending on the silica concentration in the cell suspension. Moreover, chemical and adsorption modification of the surface of nanoparticles by biologically active molecules diversifies the spectrum of possible effects of nano-structured silica. Other medical and biophysical applications of the proposed nano-structured materials include composites with protein molecules for the protection of blood cells from external injury factors and for the synthesis of stable biocompatible surfaces for bioimplants.

Novel Applications for Nano-structured silica and related materials.

Novel media for cryoprotection of reproductive cells: The ISC has synthesized biologically active media for cell cryo-protection, and more specifically, to increase viability and longevity of post-thaw gametes for medical treatment and livestock breeding.

Sorbent for removing petroleum products from water surfaces: Researchers at the Institute have developed sorbents that collect petroleum products from the surface of contaminated water and soil (areas of accidental spillage, polluted earth, sewage waters etc.). Adsorptive capacity of these materials is up to 30 gram of petroleum products per gram of sorbent, depending on the viscosity of hydrocarbons; the sorbent can also be used repeatedly after regeneration.

Plant protection and stimulation: Mixtures for encapsulating seeds of agricultural plants are used as microfertilizers for dry treatment of seeds and cereals, technical and vegetable plants. These mixtures enlarge agricultural yield and ensure ecologically friendly production by reducing the use of fertilizers. Field tests of the mixtures have shown:

  • Increase in growth energy and seed sprouts by 30%;
  • Increase in yield of cereals, technical and forage plants by 30%; and
  • Increase in yield of vegetables 15-35%.

Nanotechnologies for stabilization and increased efficiency of viral vaccines: ISC has developed universal stabilizers and cryoprotectors for vaccines; the technology has been successfully tested in the case of influenza and rabies vaccines.

Improved production of pig embryos in vitro using nano-biocomposites through improved media for pig oocytes.

Hydro-gel implants for plastic surgery: Hydro-gel implant material for plastic and cosmetic surgery, in particular for planimetric plastic surgery in the maxillofacial area (correction and reconstruction of nose, auricles, cheekbones and chin). A polymeric material is used in combination with fumed silica. The high water content (close to physiological) in hydro-gels provides for high biocompatibility, increased strength and the added capability of prolonged release of medicinal preparations.

Silica nano-particles are used for
stimulation (inhibition) of a living cell
functioning: a real image of silica
nano-particles (20 nm) and a
scheme of cell surface.

Nano- aggregate (1000 nm) in cryo-media
provides for safety of reproductive cells

Contact Details

Mykola T. Kartel, Director, NASU corresponding member;
Address: 17 Generala Naumova St., 03164, Kyiv, Ukraine;
(044) 424 1135;
Fax: (044) 424 3567;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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