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Home     Ukrainian Institutes Institute of Physics of NASU

Institute of Physics of NASU

Logo of Institute of Physics of NASU

General Information

The Institute of Physics (IOP) of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine was established in 1929 and is the oldest institution of physical science within the Academy. IOP boasts a broad spectrum of areas of scientific study including solid state physics, physical and quantum electronics, nonlinear optics and holography, plasma physics, physics of semiconductors, liquid crystals and nuclear physics. The IOP organizational structure includes 16 scientific departments, 7 specialized labs and a National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine center for “collective use”, the Femtosecond Laser Complex, collectively staffed with about 200 scientists (PhD and DSc).

The IOP has a track record of manufacturing various devices, instruments, and systems including liquid-helium and liquid- nitrogen cryostats, radiation detectors and sensors, laser systems, bolometers and electric topographs, cryosurgery instruments, pyro-receivers, highly sensitive photo elements, devices for remote temperature measurement, etc. Most of these devices are specialized, science-intensive, niche units used in scientific laboratory experiments at research institutions.

Institute’s focus

The core competencies of the Institute could be summarized as follows:

  • Physics of non-metal and liquid crystals;
  • Physics of surface, emission and plasma electronics, electronic and atomic processes on solid surfaces;
  • Biophysics;
  • Laser and non-linear optics physics;
  • Physics of radiation processes.

Although predominantly basic science-oriented, IOP undertakes a certain amount of applied R&D mostly concentrated in such areas as:

  • laser systems and laser technologies;
  • radiation and plasma technologies;
  • precision control systems for low-temperature/cryogenic studies;
  • sensors and measurement devices.

Valuable Technology Offerings

The Institute has a track record of manufacturing various devices, instruments, and systems including liquid-helium and liquid-nitrogen cryostats, radiation detectors and sensors, laser systems, bolometers and electric topographs, cryosurgery instruments, pyro-receivers, highly sensitive photo elements, devices for remote temperature measurement, etc. IOP’s Department of gas electronics developed a new type of sterilizer for processing medical instruments and materials at a temperature less than 60°C using ultraviolet radiation and active electrically neutral particles of low-temperature gas discharge plasma. The Department of radiation sensors was credited for the development of pyro-electric IR radiation sensors and measuring devices for space applications. For example, IR radiation sensors and high-sensitivity 32- and 64-element linear arrays of pyro-electric radiation sensors were engineered for use in on-board IR spectrometers on Meteor and Ocean satellites and Venus and Mars interplanetary stations.

Technologies and producs of the Institute of Physics (to see each click below)

Scientific Cooperation and Technology Transfer

IOP’s designing and prototyping capability is housed within several units and labs.

First, there is a special design and technological bureau (SKTB) of physical electronics with experimental production. The SKTB is tasked with implementation of applied R&D results into practice. The product line includes: a) pyrometers with advanced performance characteristics used at nuclear power plants and metallurgical plants, b) radiometers based on pyro-receivers used for the generation of thermal maps of the Earth and ocean surface, c) devices for remote temperature measurement used, for example, in railroad transportation.

Second, promising potential for commercialization exists within the IOP’s Cyrogenic Technologies Laboratory (CTL), the design, research and production structure with an experience in manufacturing of cryogenic devices dating back to 1947. CTL is the developer of UTRECS systems (Unified ThermoREgulated Cryogenic Systems) intended for manual and/or automated smart control and high-precision stabilization of temperature of an object under study or cryotechnical instrument within the range of 1,4-4,2-350 K or 77-80-350 K in the flow of cryogen. UTRECS allows for the measurement of a broad spectrum of parameters, such as optical and photoelectric measurements in visible, UV and IR ranges, electro physical and X-ray measurements, radiation resistance of materials, mechanical strength of materials and microwave spectroscopy measurements.

Contact Details

L.P. Yatsenko, Correspoding member NAS of Ukraine, Professor
+38 (044) 525-12-20, 525-09-72
Fax: +38 (044) 525-15-89
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Web-site: www.iop.kiev.ua

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