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Home Uzbekistan Technologies Microbial Diversity for Novel Biotechnology Applications

Microbial Diversity for Novel Biotechnology Applications

Description

Study of extremophilic microflora represents special interest in Uzbekistan, where prevailing regions are highlands and deserts with natural factors promoting to development of extremophilic cultures of microorganisms. But the system selection and study of samples from these ecological zones of Uzbekistan was not conducted by now and data on existing microbial diversity represent incomplete picture.

We isolated and established large collection of local strains of microorganisms-extremophiles. This includes alkaliphiles, acidophiles, thermophiles, psychrophiles and halophiles. A number of cultures possesses two extremophilic feature - thermoalkaliphiles, haloalkaliphiles. Analysis of enzymatic activity (amylase, xylanase, protease, cellulase) allowed to determine cultures with high activities. The selection of optimum conditions of cultivation for maximum activity of enzymes has been conducted. A number of cultures-producers of vitamins and other physiologically active metabolites (organic acids, pigments) has been determined as well. Cultures capable to destroy carbohydrates have been isolated from samples collected from oil deposits.

Innovative Aspect and Main Advantages

Though in the past Institute of Microbiology conducted systematic studies of Uzbekistan’s microflora and large collection of local strains was established, the scientific tasks directed on study of extremophilic microorganisms were not conducted yet. Bearing in mind increasing demand of industry, agriculture and medicine in unique biopreparations, the ability of extremophiles to synthesis of wide range of biocatalysts creates a ground for their use as promising biotechnological sources of such metabolites.

Areas of Application

Industry (food, light, pulp processing and so on), agriculture and medicine.

Stage of Development

Laboratory tested; development stage.

Contact Details

Institute of Microbiology
Contact persons: Dr. Javlon Tashpulatov
Address: 7B, A.Kadyri St. 100128 Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Tel: (998 71) 244 8421
Fax: (998 71) 244 2582
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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